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World History QUESTIONS

Exam NameWorld History QUESTIONS
DescriptionWorld History QUESTIONS and Answers exams contains the questions from various competitive exams.These questions are the part of previous year paper.These kind of questions would be helpful in preparing for exams like IAS, PCS, UPSC, NDA, CDS SSC, RRB, PSC, IBPS

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Question: Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from the Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of

Answer:belief in one God.

Question: Who believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by a class of “philosopher kings”?


Question: He who trusts any man with supreme power gives it to a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire. . . . —Aristotle

Which feature of modern Western democratic government reflects Aristotle’s views as given above?

Answer:the requirement that government actions must adhere to the law

Question: Which of the following is a concept from classical Athens that is central to Western political thought today?

Answer:Individual achievement, dignity, and worth are of great importance.

Question: . . . for the administration of justice . . . is the principle of order in political society. —Aristotle,Politics
From Aristotle’s statement above, it can be inferred that

Answer:laws maintain the stability of the nation.

Question: From the Constitution of Japan We, the Japanese people, acting through our duly elected representatives in the National Diet, determined that we shall secure for ourselves and our posterity the fruits of peaceful cooperation with all nations and the blessings of liberty throughout this land. . . .

Which of these is a source for the ideas outlined in the Japanese Constitution?

Answer:United States Constitution

Question: When a country’s constitution requires the
branches of government to remain independent of each other, it is adhering to the constitutional principle of

Answer:separation of powers.

Question: The English philosopher John Locke argued
that life, liberty, and property are

Answer:natural rights that should be protected by government.

Question: . . . all men are by nature equally free and independent, and have certain inherent rights, of which when they enter into a state of society, they cannot, by any compact, deprive or divest their posterity; namely, the enjoyment of life and liberty, with the means of acquiring and possessing property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety. —Virginia

Declaration of Rights, 1776 Which philosopher’s ideas were the basis for this quotation from the Virginia Declaration of Rights?

Answer:John Locke

Question: Both the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man emphasized the idea that governments must

Answer:protect the rights of people.

Question: Use the following information to answer the
question below.
Natural Rights Philosophy:Emphasizes individual rights to life, liberty and property.
What document best exemplifies the natural rights philosophy described above?

Answer:The Declaration of Independence

Question: How did the Magna Carta (1215) contribute to the development of the English government?

Answer:It limited the power of the monarch.

Question: In which of the following documents is the principle of limitation of governmental power first stated?

Answer:Magna Carta

Question: Unlike the French Revolution, the American Revolution produced

Answer:a lasting constitution.

Question: The principles of the American Revolution and the French Revolution are similar in many ways. Which of the following best summarizes their similarities?

Answer:Both favored representative governments.

Question: When members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (1789) at the start of the French Revolution, they were attempting to

Answer:draft a new national constitution.

Question: Which of these first demonstrated that popular protest would play a role in the French Revolution?

Answer:the fall of the Bastille

Question: What was one factor that enabled Napoleon to seize control of France?

Answer:the weakness of the French government

Question: Between 1815 and 1848, the Congress of Vienna and the Concert of Europe suppressed nationalism by

Answer:ensuring a balance of power between nations.

Question: The agricultural changes which took place in England during the 1600s contributed to England"s later industrial development by

Answer:producing more food with fewer workers.